# Volatility Trading: Causes, Strategies & Indicators

One important point to note is that it shouldn’t be considered science, so it doesn’t provide a forecast of how the market will move in the future. In this case, the values of $1 to $10 are not randomly distributed on a bell curve; rather. Despite this limitation, traders frequently use standard deviation, as price returns data sets often resemble more of a normal (bell curve) distribution than in the given example. While variance captures the dispersion of returns around the mean of an asset in general, volatility is a measure of that variance bounded by a specific period of time.

- Investors can find periods of high volatility to be distressing as prices can swing wildly or fall suddenly.
- The risks of loss from investing in CFDs can be substantial and the value of your investments may fluctuate.
- Traders can also trade the VIX using a variety of options and exchange-traded products, or they can use VIX values to price certain derivative products.
- It’s calculated as the standard deviation multiplied by the square root of the number of periods of time, T.

Another measure is historical volatility, which calculates the standard deviation of price changes over a specified period. It offers insight into how much an asset’s price has fluctuated in the past. Savvy traders and investors often seize opportunities from these price fluctuations by trading a range of financial instruments. It is measured by calculating the standard deviation of returns over a given period. High volatility means the price of an asset can change dramatically over a short time period in either direction.

71% of retail investor accounts lose money when spread betting and/or trading CFDs with this provider. You should consider whether you understand how spread bets and CFDs work and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money. Quantitative volatility trading uses computer programs and algorithms to exploit changes in volatility. The use of software means that a strategy can be implemented on much shorter timeframes, or more trades can be taken than what is possible for a human. For example, a computer could place trades in milliseconds, potentially placing hundreds or thousands of trades per day for tiny profits, using a variation of the strategies discussed earlier.

## Historical vs. Implied Volatility

As such, it provides insight into market sentiment and the anticipated level of price fluctuations. Once understood fully, volatility trading is highly adaptable to various market conditions. It can be profitable in both bullish and bearish markets, making it versatile and enabling you to capitalize luno exchange review on market dynamics regardless of price direction. While intraday price fluctuations are common in financial markets, volatility is characterized by the swiftness and extent of these changes. Volatility trading is a strategy that involves making bets on those degrees of price fluctuations.

They should then exit when the stock price touches the moving average indicator line. Volatility is an important metric for all traders, including short-term day traders and swings traders, whose primary focus is on daily and weekly price movements. Through understanding volatility, you can create appropriate trading strategies that help to harness profit potential. Writing a short put requires the trader to buy the underlying at the strike price even if it plunges to zero while writing a short call has unlimited risk. However, the trader has some margin of safety based on the level of the premium received.

In price terms, this is not a particularly volatile stock, but in percentage terms, it is, because each $0.005 move is a big percentage jump. The hourly gold chart below shows several potential volatility breakout trades on the one-hour chart. To help highlight breakouts, a 20-period simple moving average has been added to the ATR on our trading platform. A more dynamic strategy is to use a trailing stop-loss, such as a 20-period moving average, which allows the trader to capture large trends should they develop.

## Opening Range Breakout Trading Strategy

Traders bearish on the stock could buy a $90 put, or strike price of $90 on the stock expiring in June. The implied volatility of this put was 53% on Jan. 29th, and it was offered at $11.40. Company A would have had to decline by $12.55 or 14% from those starting levels before the put position is profitable. Trading volatile markets is a different challenge, as this can happen on any market.

## What Is the Difference Between Historical and Implied Volatility?

So, we can say that volatility trading happens where there is no definite prediction of the direction of the trade. Whether you’re hedging against potential downturns or capitalizing on price swings, understanding volatility is a vital component in the toolkit of financial success. A collective shift in the mood of investors, be it optimism or pessimism, can significantly influence asset prices. Unexpected electoral fxtm review outcomes or geopolitical tensions can lead to sharp market reactions as investors reassess their strategies in the wake of new political realities. Economic indicators and data releases, such as GDP growth rates, employment statistics, and inflation reports, play a pivotal role in dictating the health of an economy. The announcement of these figures often leads to immediate reactions in the markets.

Stay on top of upcoming market-moving events with our customisable economic calendar. Government bonds are less volatile to trade due to their association with stable and creditworthy governments. The reliability of these governments makes their bonds relatively low-risk, as they are less likely to default on interest or principal payments. This diversification reduces the overall volatility of the index and makes it less susceptible to the impact of specific company news or events, offering a more stable trading experience.

Investors can find periods of high volatility to be distressing as prices can swing wildly or fall suddenly. Long-term investors are best advised to ignore periods of short-term avatrade review volatility and stay the course. Meanwhile, emotions like fear and greed, which can become amplified in volatility markets, can undermine your long-term strategy.